When a condition requires the full or partial removal of the stomach, a procedure known as gastrectomy is performed.

Gastrectomy is commonly used to treat stomach cancer (gastric cancer). Because surgical removal of the tumor is one of the most effective ways to treat and prevent the spread of cancer, part or all of the stomach, as well as the surrounding lymph nodes, may need to be removed along with the malignant tissue.

Others issues that may require gastrectomy include:

• Polyps
• Inflammation
• Stomach ulcers and bleeding
• Benign (noncancerous) tumors
• Esophageal cancer (when it spreads to the stomach)

There are two types of gastrectomy that may be performed depending on the most effective form of treatment for your condition:

PARTIAL GASTRECTOMY removes a portion of the stomach. This procedure may be used in those with gastric cancer who have small tumors, or tumors located only in the lower part of the stomach. It is also commonly performed in those with ulcers who experience complications or do not respond to other treatments like medication.

TOTAL GASTRECTOMY removes the entire stomach. This procedure may be necessary if tumors are large and/or centrally located in the stomach, or if cancerous cells have spread to surrounding lymph nodes.

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